Convector heaters are a type of heating device generally seen in domestic applications. A convector heater uses a heat source, be it electrically powered or gas-powered, to heat the air around the unit, creating a convection current. As hot air rises, the warmer air is gradually circulated around the whole room as the remaining cool air is subsequently heated, raising the temperature. The fuel source is always enclosed within the heater unit itself, meaning no contact with the fuel source is ever required.
Wall Mounted Convector Heaters
Convector heaters come in a variety of shapes and sizes, and are available with differing heat output levels depending on the needs of the user. One of the main distinctions between convector heaters is whether they are wall mounted or free standing. Wall mounted convector heaters have the advantage of taking up no floor space in a room, and pose less of a fire risk as there is no danger of tripping over them. These advantages come at the sacrifice of portability, which is the main advantage of the free standing variety. Free standing convector heaters can be moved around easily and can be set up as and when they are needed.
Electric Convector Heaters
The other main distinction between different types of convector heater is the type of power source that they employ. Electricity is the most common power source for convector heaters, allowing the electric convector heater to function simply by plugging it into a mains socket.
For home use, a 2kw convector heater or a 3kw convector heater can be obtained cheaply and easily. Even convector heaters of this power rating can adequately heat a room, and even basic models often possess safety features such as an automatic shut off switch should the unit overheat or be tipped over. Some models come with both wall mounts and conventional stands, so the unit can act as a wall mounted convector heater or a free standing convector heater. Most current models are fitted with thermostats to control the temperature, which can be important when considering convector heaters running costs. Fans are sometimes incorporated into the design of convector heaters, and these aid in the circulation of heated air around the room. These fans are not always employed however, as their presence is not a prerequisite when creating convection currents, and they can generate unwanted levels of noise.
Gas Convector Heaters
Gas convector heaters are also available, but these are not as universally employable as they require connection to a gas supply, and adequate ventilation facilities to ensure any waste gases are directed safely outside, like most indoor gas heating systems.
Convector Heater With Timer
Many models of convector heater now come with a timer included, allowing setting of specific times for the heater to turn off or on when the user is out or in bed.
Industrial Convector Heaters
Larger convector heaters are available for business users, and are mostly the same as the domestic versions but on a larger scale. It is possible to get large electric convector heaters that do not require a hook up to the mains, instead relying on an accompanying electrical generator. This kind of heater can be beneficial in places prone to power outages, and in large semi-indoor locations with no readily available access to a supply of electricity.